Understanding Papua 4 (Economy)

March 22, 2008

Similar to the situation in other parts of Indonesia, the people of Papua depend on agriculture for their income, especially farms and plantations. Agricultural commodities in Papua include cocoa, palm oil, sago, corn, soybeans, tuber roots and rice. Other crops often cultivated by Papuan people include forestry products like timber, sandalwood, eaglewood and rattan. In terms of fish and other marine resources, Papua’s resources are plentiful; much of its marine industry is orientated towards export, including tuna, crabs, sea cucumbers, pearls and aquarium fish.
In the energy and mining sector, Papua has large potential reserves of gold, copper, natural gas and oil. The extraction of these resources in Papua is usually undertaken by large-scale operations, for example PT Freeport for gold mining and British Petroleum for gas and oil.
Overall, Papua is still a raw materials and commodities supplier. The processing industry in Papua is underdeveloped because of the lack of supporting infrastructure, which means greater production costs are incurred by investors. This situation has led to economic growth in Papua which is not representative of its true potential; the prosperity of the Papuan people has not increased significantly despite the current economic growth. Aside from natural resource exploitation and agricultural activity, forestry and mining has also had negative impacts on the Papuan environment.
Aside from the efforts on the part of local and regional governments to encourage the acceleration and equal distribution of economic development in Papua, the Integrated Economic Development Zone of Biak (Kapet Biak), which covers the regencies of Biak Numfor, Yapen Waropen, Supiori, Nabire and Mimika, was created in 1998 and it is focused on the fishery and tourism sectors. However, development has been delayed due to overlapping regional and central government policies and bad management. Other initiatives include the creation of other special economic zones in Jayapura, Nabire, Sorong, Mimika, Merauke, Fak-Fak and Wamena. It is hoped these regions will become centers of growth for Papua. After Papua received Special Autonomy status, the regional government began to use its new status to begin the process of developing Papua with a focus on equal distribution and community empowerment. This principle is reflected in the Vision and Mission of the Papua Development Program which aims for cultural, social, political and economic self-sufficiency for Papua based on traditional and universal values. (bakti.org)

Understanding Papua 3 (Demographics)

March 21, 2008

While Papua is the largest province in Indonesia, it also has the smallest population. A census survey (SUPAS) in 1995 estimated that Papua had 1,942,627 inhabitants and a population growth rate of 3.03% per year. In 1999 another census was taken and it was estimated that the population had increased to 2,165,300 people.  The large amount of land means that the population density of Papua is only 5 people per kilometer squared. Indigenous Papuans are descended from many different ethnic groups; 250 of those ethnic groups have been identified so far. They live in groups and small units, often isolated and with their own language, culture and traditions. The workforce of Papua in 1999 was 988,588 and 93.58% of those were employed. The Department of Labor recorded 80,481 people seeking work in 1999. (Bakti.org)

Understanding Papua 2 (Government)

March 20, 2008

Papua’s capital is Jayapura and the administration of the province is divided into 20 regencies and cities. Currently the central government has plans to create new regencies throughout Papua. The expansion of regencies began in 1999 with Law No 45/1999 The Formation of the Provinces of West Irian Jaya, East Irian Jaya, Central Irian Jaya, Puncak Jaya regency, Mimika regency, Paniai regency and the city of Sorong. The formation process was then delayed when Law No. 5/2000 Amendment to Law No. 45/1999 was issued in response to a lack of preparation in terms of governing the new regencies. The process was reinvigorated in 2003 with Presidential Instruction No. 1/2003 The Acceleration of Expansion of Regions in Papua and the formation of a number of new regencies under Law No. 26/2002 on the Formation of Sarmi regency, Keerom regency , Sorong Selatan regency , Raja Ampat regency, Pegunungan Bintang regency, Yahukimo regency, Tolikara regency, Waropen regency, Kaimana regency, Boven Digoel regency, Mappi regency, Asmat regency, Teluk Bintuni regency, Teluk Wondama regency in the Province of Papua. The regency/province expansion process is still underway and the new Province of West Irian Jaya is planned but remains controversial and faces political opposition and an unprepared regional apparatus. Administratively, the capital of the West Irian Jaya province will be in Manokwari and will be divided into nine regencies/cities.

Aside from problems surrounding the province expansion, the issuance of Law No 21/2001 regarding Special Autonomy for Papua allows the province to continually improve its ranking in terms of development. A variety of interventions by the government in Papua have been aimed at increasing government capacity and increasing the attention on high priority sectors like health, education and regional economic development.

Understanding Papua (1)

March 19, 2008

Papua  is Indonesia’s furthest eastern province and is described as being as the “bird’s head region”. During the colonial era it was referred as Dutch New Guinea. Papua was also once known as the province of West Irian and officially became a province under Law No 12 of 1969 which established the autonomous province of West Irian. In 1973 the name West Irian was changed to Irian Jaya, which was used officially until 2002, when Law No 21/2001 regarding the Special Autonomy of Papua came into effect. Geographically, Papua is located between 0° 19’ – 10° 45’ longitude and 130° 45’ – 141° 48’ latitude, and occupies the western half of New Guinea, which is the second largest island in the world after Greenland.

Papua is the largest province in Indonesia in terms of size and occupies 21.9% (421,981 square kilometers) of Indonesia’s total territory; from west to east (Sorong to Jayapura) Papua measures 1,200 km (744 miles) and from north to south (Jayapura to Merauke) it measures 736 km (456 miles). Aside from the mainland, Papua also has a lot of islands off its shores. Off the northern shore there are the islands of Biak, Numfor, Yapen and Mapia, to the west the islands of Salawati, Batanta, Gag, Waigeo and Yefman and to the south the islands of Kalepon, Komoran, Adi, Dolak and Panjang. In the east Papua borders onto Papua New Guinea.
Papua is a region full of potential. A small population and an abundance of natural resources mean there are a lot of opportunities for the economy to develop. Papuan land contains forests, oceans, a high level of biodiversity and a lot of land suitable for agriculture. Papua also has natural gas reserves, oil and other minerals and metals ready for extraction.
In terms of the central government’s efforts to ensure Papua is not left behind developmentally in relation to other provinces in Indonesia, and in order to decrease the potential for conflict resulting from such an imbalance, the government enacted Law No. 21/2001 regarding Special Autonomy for Papua which gave greater authority to the regional government of Papua in order to speed up the process of development. (Bakti.org)

Australia Supports the Territory Integrity of the Republic Indonesia

March 14, 2008

PT. Australia Air Force remains support the territorial integrity of the Republic of Indonesia (NKRI). As we know, the Australian Government intends to intensify cooperation with the Indonesian Air Force, especially for supervision of borders between the two countries, student exchange program, humanitarian aid, and so on.
As neighboring countries, both Indonesia and Australia respect each other in particular for sea territorial.  
“Until now the Australian government supports Autonomy Khusus Papua to build remote areas development,” stated by Air Force Defense Attaché from Australian Embassy Papua during two days visit on 12-13 March 2008.  The visiting group contained of Colonel Ray Press, Nicky Broomhail Flight Sergeant, Vred Daugen, and Grey Straben see Air Force bases (Markas Lanud) in Timika, Biak, Jayapura,. “Our visit is to intensify the relationship between the Indonesian Air Force and Australian Air Force”, said Colonel Press in Timika yesterday (12/3). “The system of Indonesia government to build Papua is excellent. We see that Indonesia successes to implement Autonomy Khusus and situation in Papua more conducive for foreign investors,” he added. “Indonesia- Australia have annual air exercises program; Elang Rajawali and Hercules. Last year we practiced in Australia and this year in Indonesia,” he said.
Meanwhile, Lieutenant Colonel Bambang Triono, the Indonesian Commander of the Timika Military Air Base, said the visit was aimed at getting to know all airs bases in Indonesia, especially in Papua. Lt Col Bambang also mentioned about Australian’s intention to intensify cooperation, particularly as regards maritime borders between the two countries.  “Supervision has been stretched, especially in terms of illegal logging and illegal fishing”, he said.

Ketua Pemuda Adat Papua wilayah Manokwari Elimelech Obeth Kaiway Cegah Aksi Separatis

March 14, 2008

MANOKWARI- 12 Aktivis West Papua National Autority (WPNA) wilayah II Manokwari bersama badan eksekutif mahasiswa (BEM) se-Manokwari, Kamis, 13 3 2008, demontrasi di depan kantor DPRD Kabupaten Manokwari menolak kehadiran peraturan pemerintah (PP) nomor 77 Tahun 2007 tentang lambang daerah yang melarang penggunaan bintang kejora sebagai bendera daerah.

Aksi turun jalan yang mengatasnamakan BEM se-Kota Manokwari dimulai disamping Gedung Olahraga (GOR) Sanggeng bergerak berjalan kaki menuju Kantor DPRD Kabupaten Manokwari. Tepat di jembatan Sahara bendera bintang kejora yang terbuat dari kertas manila sempat dibentangkan. Namun Ketua Pemuda Adat Papua wilayah Manokwari Elimelech Obeth Kaiway langsung melarang dan diserahkan ke polisi. Tidak lama kemudian, Wakil Ketua II Bons S Rumbruren, S.Sos keluar dari dalam kantor untuk menemui pendemo. Beberapa mahasiswa yang hadir dari Unipa (jas almamater warna kuning), STIH dan WPNA.  Diantara para pendemo disusupi segelintir orang yang meneriakkan kemerdekaan West Papua, yang salah satunya Juru bicara WPNA Jack Wanggai. Ia berorasi di hadapan massa dan Wakil Ketua II DPRD Manokwari dengan mempropagandakan bahwa telah berlangsung negosiasi internasional antara pemerintah Indonesia dengan Papua. Jack juga mengatakan meski Indonesia sebagai ketua komisi dekolonisasi di PBB bukan masalah, karena ratusan negara-negara yang ada di PBB yang akan memilih untuk menentukan. Usai penangkapan, Kapolres AKBP Drs Yakobus Marjuki di hadapan pendemo langsung memberikan pengarahan.  Tak lama, Ketua Forum Komunikasi Pemuda dan Mahasiswa Wilayah Manokwari Abner Arie Aisoki langsung membacakan pernyataan sikap. Antara lain, pertama meminta Majelis Rakyat Papua (MRP) dibubarkan. Kedua, pemerintah inkonsistensi menjalankan UU nomor 21 tahun 2001 tentang Otsus Papua. Ketiga, menolak dengan tegas peraturan pemerintah Nomor 77 Tahun 2007. Keempat, pemerintah NKRI se-segera mungkin melakukan perundingan bermartabat dengan semua komponen rakyat Papua. Terakhir, pendemo mendesak PBB se-segera intervensi tanah Papua demi kemanusiaan dan memberi referendum bagi bangsa Papua. Usai membacakan pernyataan sikap langsung diserahkan kepada DPRD yang diterima wakil Ketua II Bons S Rumbruren yang didampingi sejumlah anggota DPRD lainnya.  Sementara Wakil Ketua II DPRD Kabupaten Manokwari Bons S Rumbruren usai menerima aspirasi dari mahasiswa mengaku aspirasi penolakan PP 77 akan segera disampaikan kepada DPRD Provinsi Papua dan Papua Barat serta MRP. Selanjutnya aspirasi ini akan disampaikan kepada pemerintah pusat. Kuasa hukum Jack Wanggai, Yan Christian Warinussy, SH yang dikonfirmasi via ponselnya mengakui klienya sudah berada di Polres Manokwari untuk menjalani pemeriksaan di ruang Reskrim. Kapolres AKBP Drs Yakobus Marjuki usai demo mengatakan Juru bicara WPNA Jack Wanggai telah memenuhi unsur-unsur untuk ditangkap.  

Menkokesra has Built 47 Houses at Tolikara Village and will build 1000 KM route

March 9, 2008

Pemerintah melalui Menkokesra telah membangun daerah yang cukup terpencil dan berada di daerah pegunungan, tepatnya di Kampung Kanero, Distrik Bokoneri, Tolikara, dari semula tiga rumah atau honai menjadi 47 rumah tipe 36 dilengkapi SD, puskemas pembantu, pembangkit tenaga listrik mikrohodro, 1 unit balai desa, rumah lindung pembibitan, rumah penyimpanan benih, hasil produksi dan alat pertanian, sumber air bersih dan sistem pipanisasi. Kebun percontohan dan demplot pertanian, jalan desa dan lapangan olaraga. Pembangunan tersebut telah dijanjikannya 2 tahun lalu pada saat mengunjungi Yahukimo dan Tolikara. “Pada saat kunjungan di Tolikara itu ada tujuh orang dari Kampung Kanero yang kembali dari kelompok OPM ke pangkuan NKRI. Waktu itu kami berjanji akan membangun tempat mereka dan sekarang telah kita penuhi,” ucapnya.

Menko Kesra menjelaskan, dari kunjungannya itu masyarakat di kampung itu nampak cukup gembira dan menyambut baik pembangunan itu. “Mereka berharap ada pembangunan lagi di daerah-daerah yang lain. Ini tentu sejalan dengan program gubernur yaitu Rencana Strategis Pembangunan Kampung yang dilakukan secara menyeluruh di Papua,” jelasnya. Dengan adanya pembangunan ini, pihaknya berharap bisa mengurangi resistensi dari sebagian masyarakat yang masih berada di gunung-gunung yang belum kembali kepangkuan NKRI.
Kampung Kanero nantinya juga akan dijadikan kampung percontohan bagi kampung-kampung di sekitarnya maupun di Papua.”Adapun pembangunan kampung itu menelan dana Rp 13 miliar lebih yang bersumber dari dana pasca bencana dan pasca konflik dari Kementrian Koordinator Kesra,” sambungnya. Kabag Humas Tolikara Simon Sembor S.Sos melaporkan, peresmian pemukiman desa tertinggal di Kampung Konero, Distrik Bokoneri Kabupaten Tolikara itu, Menkokesra tidak sendirian, namun didampingi Mendagri, Menteri PU, dan Kepala Badan Intelejen Negara serta Gubernur Papua, Barnabas Suebu, SH.Distrik Bokoneri yang terletak sangat terpencil namun mendapat perhatian dari Presiden RI, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono. Bukti ketiga Menteri RI membawa salam hangat dari presiden dan wakil presiden untuk masyarakat. Acara persemian yang ditandai penandatangan prasasti dan penggutingan pita itu, disaksikan ribuan pasang mata masyarakat Kanero dan sejumlah pejabat Pemkab Tolikara, anggota DPRP, MRP, maupun aparat distrik dan kampung setempat.Menurut Menkokesra, pembangunan infrastruktur ini merupakan tugas yang diberikan presiden. Selanjutnya model incubator percepatan pembangunan kesejahteraan rakyat untuk melakukan sesuatu yang tertinggal menjadi maju, yang lemah menjadi kuat, yang tidak ada menjadi ada. Ditambahkan, sejalan dengan gagasan rencana strategis Gubernur Provinsi Papua yaitu Respek, diharapkan semua kampung dan distrik di Papua dapat dibangun seperti Konero di Kabupaten Tolikara. Karena Konero ibarat bayi premature yang baru lahir, agar sehat, kuat dan cerdas, maka harus dimasukkan dalam peralatan laboratorium yang memiliki keahlian berbagai disiplin ilmu. Sehingga hal ini menjadi contoh percepatan pembangunan Kesra maupun contoh untuk seluruh Kabupaten di Indonesia.

Gubernur dalam sambutannya menyambut baik program ini karena di kampung dapat tersentuh. Gubernur mengakui bahwa program Menkokesra ini juga merupakan strategi yang paling mendasar untuk penyelesaian masalah Papua.

Di hadapan Gubernur dan para menteri, Bupati Tolikara, DR (HC) John Tabo, MBA atas nama pemerintah dan masyarakat menyampaikan terima kasih dan penghargaan kepada pemerintah pusat terhadap rakyat Tolikara. Karena daerah pegunungan ini belum pernah dijajah bangsa manapun dan sangat tertinggal dibanding daerah pesisir pantai yang lebih maju karena pernah dijajah Belanda dan Jepang. Untuk itu tidak ada kata berhenti bagi John Tabo untuk mengajak rakyat, sehingga mereka yang tinggal di Honai dapat juga menikmati tinggal di rumah yang layak dan sehat. Kembali ke Aburizal Bakrie. Saat ditanya soal tingkat kesejahteraan masyarakat Papua, Aburizal Bakrie menuturkan, dari pantauannya, kesejahteraan masyarakat Papua mulai membaik. “Adanya kelompok yang kembali ke NKRI merupakan sinyal positif bahwa telah terjadi pembangunan. Mereka tentu tidak akan kembali jika sinyal-sinyal itu tidak mereka lihat,” ujarnya. Menkokesra juga dengan jujur mengakui wilayah pegunungan masih cukup tertinggal dan masih perlu perhatian-perhatian khusus. “Namun cukup jelas sekarang ini bahwa program gubernur saat ini menyeluruh hingga ke kampung-kampung,” tegasnya. Lebih lanjut terkait kunjungan ini, Ketua Tim Interprov Satuan Koordinasi Pelaksanaan Penanggulangan Bencana (Satkorlak PB) Provinsi Papua, Drs. Izaak S. Karubaba saat ditanya Cenderawasih Pos menjelaskan, proses pembangunan kompleks pemukiman terpadu sebanyak 47 unit rumah di Kampung Kanero itu dananya berasal dari pemerintah pusat. “Dana tersebut dianggarkan melalui dana pasca bencana APBNP Tahun 2006 di lima kabupaten Pegunungan Tengah yaitu Kabupaten Jayawijaya, Puncak Jaya, Tolikara, Yahukimo, dan Pegunungan Bintang,” paparnya.
Di tempat yang sama, Menteri Pekerjaan Umum, Djoko Kirmanto menjelaskan, masalah pembangunan wilayah Pegunungan Tengah merupakan bagian keseluruhan dari pembangunan Papua. “Untuk pegunungan tengah dikasih biaya yang jauh lebih besar, dimana jalur darat yang akan dibangun itu mulai dari Oksibil, Dekai, Kurima, Wamena dan selanjutnya ke arah Karubaga, Mulia, Hombio, Sugapa, Enarotali dan menyambung ke Nabire. Panjang jalur tersebut kurang lebih 1000 Km,” kata Gubernur Barnabas Suebu.Kemudian dari Oksibil, lanjut gubernur, akan tembus ke arah hulu Sungai Digul. Sementara dari Karubaga akan tembus ke hulu sungai Mamberamo. Selain itu, Wamena hingga Jayapura sudah jalan. “Satu lagi dari Puncak Jaya menuju Ilaga akan tembus ke hulu sungai Belo, sehingga terintegrasi antara laut, sungai, darat dan udara. Dananya cukup besar, jadi kalau bupati bilang dananya kurang itu tidak betul, sebab mereka tidak tahu informasi itu,” tandasnya. Untuk jalur udara, Bandara yang sedang dibangun antara lain, Bandara Sinak (Puncak Jaya) dan Bandara Wagete (Paniai) sehingga akan melengkapi Wamena sebab di kedua Bandara tersebut, pesawat besar yang bisa mendarat di Wamena. Selain itu, ada juga di Oksibil (Pegunungan Bintang) dan di Dekai (Yahukimo),” paparnya.  

A Hercules Cargo Plane Bursting and Crew Escaping

March 9, 2008

Another plane accident happened after Merpati hit a cow in Merauke and Aviastar hit a farmer at Paniai.  A Hercules cargo plane has burst into flames after touching down in a remote province of Indonesia last Thursday at 09.00 local time .The C-160 (Capten J Jarot H) caught fire while landing at Wamena airport in Papua. All eight of the passengers and crew are reported to have escaped the blaze unharmed.
Plane crash, Papua, Indonesia

Some crew are Capten Pilot Jarot, Co Pilot Sumar Dwiyanto, Flat Enginering; Beni Harahap , Flat Operation Officer (FOO) Suwardi Hidayat, Airphone Mekanik (Amei); Warsito, Mekanik; Kusuma and Firman. Local police chief Marolop Manik said it was not clear what had caused the accident. The flight, operated by PT Manunggal Air, was arriving from the provincial capital of Jayapura to deliver food and diesel oil. The plane landed smoothly but rolled off the runway. A loud explosion was then heard seconds before the plane caught fire.

The three crew and five passengers were able to use the emergency exit to escape the blaze without injury. Papua, one of Indonesia provinces, is dominated by mountains and thick jungle and relies heavily on air traffic for transport in the absence of a substantial road network.

Dealing with this accident, team from Komite Nasional Keselamatan Transportasi (KNKT) has come to the place on Friday at 10.00 local time at Wamena airport and have conducted investigation.  They are Frans Wenas, Tumenggung dan Sulaiman accompanied by Dinas Perhubungan officers Tri Musyogo, Solahudin dan and as well as from Manunggal Air personnel Danur, Ruhiyat dan Sudirman.

1500 Papuan Prospective non-commissioned Officers (Caba) Join Education

March 5, 2008

Totaling 1,500 prospective non-commissioned officers (Caba) of Republic of Indonesia State Police from Papua, at the late February 2008 would be sent to follow education to three their respective educational agencies that are the Polisi Negara School (SPN) Singaraja (Bali), SPN Mojokerto (Surabaya), and SPN Purwokerto (Central Java). Chief of Papua Regional Police, Irjen Pol Max D Aer on Tuesday 26 February 2008, said to 1,500 Caba (1000 from Papua and 500 from West Barat) will be scheduled to begin education on March 5 for 10 months.

They all will be financed by Papua and West Papua Regional Government and will camoe back to Papua after finishing study. All of them who joined this program have special criteria that are Papuan origin and schooling  both in Papua and West Papua. From 1,500 Caba, 942 of them are Papuan origin and Papua-born who attending school in Papua.

On February 21, 2008 New Zealand Police`s manager for international strategy and policy, Jaquelyn Goodwin, accompanied by an Indonesian police team, had already visited police offices in Manokwari.  At a meeting with Papua Police Chief Insp Gen Max D Aer, Goodwin promised she would return to Papua in the near future with a concrete comunity police training program that can be implemented in Papua. 

Congratulation Franzalbert Joku.

February 27, 2008

Franzalbert Joku was born at Sentani Kmaung Ifar Besar on  20 February 1953. His father name was Alfius Joku (the late) and his mother names was Theresia Kabey (the late). He got married with Yetty Tukayo  an has five children.  Since 1967, a-17-year old Franzalbert Joku has joined his family to Papua New Guinea (PNG) wit the reason of security situation. He had been staying in PNG from 1975 to 1992 and working as reporter PNG Post Courier for 17 years. Then, Franzalbert Joku changed his career and worked at Prime Minister’s Office as press secretary for 1 year. He promoted to the Head of Staff. In 1997 he was busy because he worked for two Deputies of Prime Ministers as well as worked for three cabinet ministers in PNG.

In 2005-2006 before moving to Papua he got position as Chief-of-Staff in the Head office of Opposition.   In 2006 until now he is active at a Foundation what so called Independent Group Supporting Autonomous Region Of Papua Within Republic Of Indonesia (Ijssartri). Urged by the statement of Governor Papua, Barnabas Suebu. SH on September 2007 when he carried out the working visit to PNG and ask for all Papua resident returned to the Indonesia homeland, he decided to come back to Indonesia. 

 “After observing the real condition in Indonesia and the international political climate, we decided to return home forever. We believe Indonesia will be better, more democratic, free, prosperous and peaceful in the future,” he said. He believe Vice President Jusuf Kalla statement,” Jakarta gets fund from Freeport Rp 17 trillion, meanwhile Jakarta gives back financial support to Papua Rp 29 trillion or double  from that is taken from Papua.” So again it is untrue if Jakarta is only obtained money from Papua,”he added. Congratulation and Welcome back in your motherland Indonesia.


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